Tuesday, March 7, 2017
Literature Review #2
Biddix, J. Patrick, Malinda M. Matney, Eric M. Norman, and Georgianna L. Martin. The influence of fraternity and sorority involvement: a critical analysis of research (1996-2013). San Francisco, CA: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company, at Jossey-Bass, 2014. Print.
This book is all about the positive and negative influences of student involvement in sorority and fraternity organizations. The analysis includes advocates of isolated cases that counter the considerable amount of evidence that membership into these organizations is actually detrimental to a students future. The continued and reoccurring cases in the book highlight the argument that a person's opinion on greek life depends heavily on personal involvement in it and prior knowledge.
The first author listed, Biddex J. Patrick, is an associate Professor of higher education in the department of educational leadership and policies studies at the University of Tennessee. His studies include college student involvement outcomes which is directly related to this book. He has a lot of prior knowledge about not only college students but what their personal involvement in college can do for their future.
One other author, Malinda M. Matney, is a senior research associate for the division of student affairs at the University of Michigan. Her studies widely are focused on the students at the university.
5. Key Terms
heavy episodic drinking- the book emphasizes how important this term is to understand when researching in particular about college students use of alcohol when involvement with sorority and fraternity organizations. It is the consumption of alcohol five or more times in a row in a two week period.
binge drinking- the consumption of five or more drinks in a row for men and four or more drinks for women in a single sitting.
"The researchers found fraternity/sorority membership was associated with higher odds of drinking problems, alcohol related harms, or secondhand effects." (Page 20)
"...Weschler drew three conclusions. First, fraternity and sorority housing environment appeared tolerant of hazardous alcohol use and associated behaviors. Second, efforts to reduce hazardous alcohol use on campus, such as campus regulations and educational programs, do not seem to affect fraternity and sorority members...." (Page 15)
"Third, the researchers found little evidence to suggest campus officials held fraternity members specifically accountable for their behaviors, though there was no empirical basis for this conclusion." (Page 15)
This reading helps me explore my research question more in the aspect of heavy drinking and why college students continue to participate in greek life if that's what its proven to be surrounded by and if the research done is so detrimental to their past colleagues. The analysis this book gives will provide me with the reasons I need to be able to explain the connection between alcohol and greek life.